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Vehicular Adhoc Networks (VANET) Specifications

Overview

IEEE 1609 defines the architecture and provides the standards for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) that defines vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) wireless communications. This standard provides the foundation for a broad range of applications in the transportation environment, including vehicle safety, automated tolling, enhanced navigation, traffic management and many others.

Simulation of WAVE based VANET Networks can be achieved by interfacing NetSim with SUMO (Simulation of Urban Mobility), an Open Source traffic simulation software. NetSim handles simulation of the WAVE wireless network communication between the vehicles, while road traffic conditions can be modeled conveniently in SUMO.

NetSim Vanet NetSim VANET
  • Wireless Access for Vehicular Environments (WAVE) using 802.11p and IEEE 1609 which covers Resource Manager – IEEE 1609.1, Network and Transport Services – IEEE 1609.3, and Multi-Channel Co-ordination – IEEE 1609.4.
  • Basic Safety Message (BSM) Protocol as per SAE standard J2735 Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Message
  • Transport Layer - Wave Short Message Protocol (WSMP) including WSM Transmission, WSM Reception, Service Requests and Channel Access Assignment, Service Channel (SCH) and Control Channel (CCH)
  • WAVE MAC - Channel Coordination, Channel Routing, Channel Access Assignment
  • VANET simulations can also be visualized over maps since NetSim supports layering of Openstreetmaps
  • At the end of the simulation, NetSim will provide a set of detailed network performance metrics, link &application throughput plots and options for drill down into packet trace and event trace.

These VANET simulation features would be useful to engineers & researchers working on the communications architecture for DSRC - based V2V and V2I interactions.

IEEE 1609
  • Resource Manager – IEEE 1609.1
  • Network and Transport Services – IEEE 1609.3
  • Multi-Channel Co-ordination – IEEE 1609.4
Application Layer

Basic Safety Message (BSM) Protocol as per standard J2735
Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC)

Transport Layer
  • Wave Short Message Protocol (WSMP)
    • WSM Transmission
    • WSM Reception
    • Service Requests and Channel Access Assignment
    • Service Channel (SCH) and Control Channel (CCH)
Network Layer
  • IPv4
  • Routing Protocol
  • DSR
  • AODV
  • ZRP
  • OLSR
MAC Layer
  • Primary Protocol: IEEE1609
  • Secondary Protocol: IEEE802.11
  • Control Channel Time
  • Service Channel Time
  • Guard Time
  • Protocol for QoS: IEEE802.11e
  • Rate Adaptation Technique: Generic and Minstrel
PHY Layer
  • Primary Protocol: IEEE1609
  • Secondary Protocol: IEEE802.11 a / b / g / n / ac / p
  • Frequency Band: 5 GHz
  • Channel Bandwidth: 10 MHz
  • Standard Service Channels
  • Standard Control Channel
  • Transmission Type: OFDM
RF Propagation Models
  • Path Loss
    • Friis Free Space Propagation (Default option in GUI)
    • Log Distance
    • HATA Suburban, HATA Urban
    • COST 231 HATA Suburban, COST 231 HATA Urban
    • Indoor Office, Indoor Factory, Indoor Home
  • Shadowing Model
    • Constant
    • Lognormal
  • Fading Model
    • Rayleigh
    • Nakagami
Interface with SUMO for Road Traffic Simulation using TRACI API’s
  • Mobility as per SUMO

Protocol source C codes available for user modification

Output Performance Metrics: A variety of network performance is reported including

  • Network Metrics
  • IEEE802.11_Metrics
  • AODV / DSR Metrics
  • IP metrics, TCP / UDP Metrics etc
  • IP Forwarding Table
  • Dynamic metrics (Graphical plot of an attribute over time) is available for application throughputs

Detailed Packet Trace: Users can log details of each packet as it flows in the network.

Detailed Event Trace: Users can log each event of the protocol FSM while execution of the discrete event simulation

Command Line Interface

  • CLI mode of running for more concise and powerful means of control
  • Facilitates use of automated scripts for running batch simulations
  • Model network configurations using XML based configuration files

MATLAB Interface: NetSim can be interfaced with MATLAB offline or online (run-time)

Additional Information
Detailed Documentation (PDF, 5.9 MB)
Knowledgebase Q&A
File Exchange Link

Webinar Links
How to Simulate VANETs in NetSim?
NetSim External Interfacing
Research on VANETs using NetSim